Analysis and reviews of EU R&D and Innovation Policies

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IPTS Working Papers on Corporate R&D and Innovation

The IPTS Working Papers on Corporate R&D and Innovation aim to shed light on economic and policy questions related to industrial research and innovation and their contribution to the European competitiveness.

ERA Watch

ERA Watch provides per-country analyses of research policy develoments


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Slideset presentation accompanying the final evaluation of the sixth Framework Programme, carried out by an Expert Group in late 2008/early 2009 under the chairmanship of Professor Ernst Rietschel.


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This report gives the final evaluation of the sixth Framework Programme, carried out by an Expert Group in late 2008/early 2009 under the chairmanship of Professor Ernst Rietschel.


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A Common Policy for Scientific Research and Technological Development

This Communication was submitted by Commissioner for Industry, Trade and Research Altiero Spinelli. Altiero's legacy included a vision for a Europe of Science and Research at a moment where no legal basis was even foreseen in Treaties. He envisaged the creation of collaborative programmes in a number of areas, and the making of both a common scientific policy at a Community level and a coordination of national ones.

pdf2005-Giving more for research in Europe

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This report addresses the question of how to increase giving for research through foundations in Europe. Until now, relatively little attention has been paid by the EU institutions to the role played by foundations that fund research activities in boosting Europe’s overall level of investment in R&D. These organisations however represent an important source of funding for some research activities, and could potentially be an important element in the EC strategy to create a European Research Area. In addition, research foundations have a qualitative impact on the direction and nature of research that is undertaken in Europe.

pdf2006-Aho Report

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This report "Creating an Innovative Europe" was prepared by an independent Expert Group on R&D and Innovation appointed following the Hampton Court Summit in 2005. It sets out clear and thoroughly a package of measures needed to make a reality of the Lisbon objective of a competitive Europe in the knowledge based economy. Unusually for such papers, it recognises the importace of R&D but goes far beyond this in understanding the need for better markets, better regulation and greater research effectiveness.

pdf2005-EU FP 5-year Assessment

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The current Treaty of the European Union identifies two core strategic objectives for the European Research Framework Programmes: (i) strengthening the scientific and technological bases of industry to encourage its international competitiveness and (ii) supporting other policies of the European Union.
This Report, the third Five-Year Assessment of the Research Framework Programmes (European Community, Euratom), reviews the implementation and achievements of the Framework Programmes over the period 1999-2003. The recommendations cover the remainder of the Sixth Framework Programme, to 2006, and suggest improvements to the nature and direction of future Framework Programmes. In making these recommendations, the objective is to provide well-informed input to strengthen the quality, relevance and impact of current and future Framework Programmes.


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Community Innovation Survey: Innovation in Europe - Results for the EU, Iceland and Norway

CIS is the main statistical instrument of the Union that allows monitoring within Europe. The third round (CIS3) provides data on the sources and resources used by enterprises in their innovation activities. This publication, which concentrates on an EU aggregate created from the data for 12 Member States (excluding Ireland, Luxembourg and the United Kingdom for reasons of availability).


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This is an overview paper of the CIS3 results by Paul Crowley. Its main objectives are:
o to explore the link between innovation and growth;
o to identify the main sources of innovation, including co-operation;
o to measure the extent of public funding, with respect to innovation;
o and to study human capital and innovation.


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This is a second overview of the CIS3 results by Anna Larsson. The main questions treated include:
o how many enterprises innovate?
o what were the effects of innovation on enterprises, for example, in terms of turnover, market share, production flexibility, safety or other measures?
o how do enterprises protect the results of their innovation activities?
o what barriers do enterprises face in their efforts to innovate?


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2004 evaluation of the effectiveness of the New Instruments of Framework Programme VI, report from High-level Expert Panel chaired by Professor Ramon Marimon.


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The under-representation of women in science prevents the full realisation of Europe's potential. This is an unaffordable waste of human resources and a distortion of the relationship between science and society. The Commission launched this Women in Industrial Research (WIR) High Level Group in January 2002 at a time when the problems of recruiting sufficient numbers of highly qualified researchers and engineers had already been identified as a policy concern.


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This report offer suggestions and guidance on improving the effectiveness of public support for risk capital investment in research. Starting from the link between R&D activity and risk capital, the report considers the range of policy instruments available to tackle the risk capital funding gaps. After reviewing the use and potential of financing instruments and the role of framework conditions, the report then presents a series of recommendations for policymakers across the EU.


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The aim of this report is to offer suggestions and advice concerning the mix of public support instruments required to raise private sector R&D intensity in Europe to the desired level of 3% of GDP.


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The expert group on Equity and Loan Guarantees, was charged with determining the specific contribution that equity and loan guarantees, as well as other risk sharing mechanisms associated with loans and equity, can make to achieving the 3 percent goal, and to make recommendations and formulate guidelines for European, national and local actors.


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Today, most OECD/EU member countries apply a mix of direct and indirect measures to support R&D. Several have introduced or extended fiscal instruments to support R&D. Indirect Fiscal R&D incentives reduce the costs of R&D for a wide variety of firms, including SMEs. This report recommends using fiscal incentives to be used to support private R&D because these schemes have the potential to address a wide range of firms, including SMEs, and leave the decision as to the content of the research to their discretion. If well designed, fiscal schemes can contribute to raising the overall level of investment in business R&D.


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This report investigates the effectiveness of direct public support measures in stimulating private investment in research in the context of the target of raising EU expenditure on R&D to 3% by 2010. Direct measures were defined in the Terms of Reference of the Working Group to include subsidies and grants, including grants that are repayable in case of successful commercial exploitation (conditional loans), procurement and block funding of public institutions.


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Increasing Human Resources for Science and Technology in Europe. Report presented at the EC conference Europe needs more Scientists, April 2004, by the Hugh Level Group chaired by Jose Mariano Gago.

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