R&D and Innovation Policies

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2009.01.22 Global Open Innovation

Governments are faced with new challenges as globalisation and open innovation increasingly impact on the way innovation takes place, on the linkages within innovation systems at national and global level and on the ability to reap benefits from investments in R&D and innovation whether at regional, national or global level. At the same time, the Open Innovation paradigm and the development of global innovation networks can potentially enhance the returns to both private and public R&D investment.

Using a case study approach and empirical analysis, the OECD project on Globalisation and Open Innovation reviewed the trends and drivers behind open innovation and shed light on some of the policy implications for governments, higher education and public research and the business environment. This project drew on the experiences of many companies, including EIRMA members, and also linked closely with similar work by national governments, including by the French Ministry of Research.

This symposium,co-organised by the French Ministry of Research, the OECD and EIRMA, examined the phenomenon of global open innovation from the perspective of France and Europe. The workshop assessed the international variations in open innovation practices. Such variations are important to take into account in order to understand the diffusion of open innovation practices and the policies to promote in order to fulfil the promises of the open innovation paradigm.

Summary proceedings

PDF Summary of Symposium on Global Open Innovation Networks, Mario Cervantes, OECD (147 Kbytes)

The official final report of OECD is available on the OECD website at http://www.oecd.org/home.

EIRMA members can also access the presentations here.

2008.10.02 Looking to Closer Collaboration between Business & Schools

EIRMA assisted its CEO sister organisation, the European Round Table of Industrialists (ERT), in a high-level multi-stakeholder discussion involving Commission President Barroso, the European Commission, national Ministers and others on steps to increase young people's interest in Mathematics, Science and Technology. This subject has very high priority among many CEOs, and many EIRMA delegates have raised concerns on the continued availability of well-qualified young people interested in industrial careers requiring these skills.

The event generated great enthusiasm and demonstrated solid political support for the types of industry-oriented initiatives that were showcased and proposed.

Press Release

Increasing young people's interest in Mathematics, Science and Technology (MST) is essential for sustainable economic growth and competitiveness in Europe. The European Round Table of Industrialists (ERT), a group of 45 industrial leaders from across Europe, has identified this issue as a key priority for European industry. To discuss this issue aimed attacking a potential shortfall in MST trained people in Europe, ERT organized a high-level multi-stakeholder event for academia, business, government and the teaching profession to explore ways of developing a shared approach for the promotion of MST across Europe's schools from as early as primary school level.

ERT Chairman Jorma Ollila, Chairman of Shell and Nokia, stated that "Companies of ERT members sustain around 6.6 million jobs in the region and our industries are highly dependent on access to a skilled MST workforce. MST is the basis for innovation and competitiveness which is essential for sustainable economic growth and welfare in Europe."

"With a declining student proportion in MST, a stabilization of access to tertiary education, unfavourable demographic trends and negative attitudes towards education and careers in MST it is evident that stakeholders need to act."

European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso supported the initiative, saying "Europe needs more highly skilled, qualified and motivated individuals to push back the technological frontiers, in order to improve economic growth and employment. Your analysis on the need to promote MST in our schools and universities is spot-on. And so is your solution. The European Commission has been calling for more partnership between education and business for some time. Together let us show the way ahead."

ERT Vice Chairman, Leif Johansson, CEO Volvo Group commented that "ERT member companies are determined to strengthen long term commitments to supporting Europe's schools, teachers and universities. Support must be able to survive the economic cycle.

Today's event has reinforced our belief that businesses have an important role to play. Businesses need to work closely with schools to put MST into meaningful life and career contexts, provide access to role models and keep teachers informed of what MST careers are."

Facilitating stakeholders at the event included representatives from the European Commission, European Schoolnet, European Industrial Research Management Association (EIRMA), Junior Achievement Young Enterprise (JA-YE) and Jet-Net. The breakout discussions confirmed ERT's belief that existing and future collaboration needs to be better coordinated in order to leverage full potential and inspire future generations of MST students.

Jorma Ollila concluded that "We believe that this event has provided us with a mandate to take immediate steps in this direction".

ERT will step up work with a broad range of stakeholders to develop a schools and business collaboration with the long-term aim of ensuring Europe has the right skills to thrive.

Speeches and Accompanying Reports

PDF Executive Summary (47 Kbytes)
PDF Conclusions (80 Kbytes)

PDF Inspiring the Next Generation, Leif Johansson, CEO Volvo (260 Kbytes)
PDF Inspiring Future Generations, President Barroso (77 Kbytes)
PDF Science Education Now, Rocard Report (2007) (803 Kbytes)

See Also
ROSE project, an international study on "The Relevance of Science Education"
PDF Young Women in Science, 2009 AAAS/L'Oréal Corporate Foundation (3.47 Mbytes)

2008.09.15 Consolidating Research and Innovation for European SMEs

This paper, given as the keynote presentation at the French Presidency Conference on 15th September 2008, examines the situation with regard to research and innovation in Europe in relation to United States, Japan, China and other countries. It examines innovation and competitiveness in the global economy in order to secure a broad-based strategy for innovation that is also relevant at the level of the local community. It discusses:

1) Developing the local environments that will engage enterprises of all sizes; enable them to grow; and usefully concentrate relevant knowledge and skills;

2) Obtaining stronger customer and societal demand for innovation; and

3) Providing consistent, appropriate regulation and policy support.

The paper argues the need for far better policy coordination based on understanding how innovation works in open, global economies and recognition of European strengths and opportunities.

Consolidating Research and Innovation, Andrew Dearing, Paris, 15.09.2008 (113 Kbytes)

2008.09.03 Copenmind

EIRMA provided strong support to Copenmind, the first of a planned series of annual events and fairs intended to establish the world's largest marketplace for science and technology and strengthen university-industry partnerships.

The 2008 Copenmind event concentrated on Clean Technology.

EIRMA co-organised a "Birds of a Feather" round table discussion on the Responsible Partnering initiative.

Introduction (152 Kbytes)
Insights in Responsible Partnering Lisette Appelo, Philips(489 Kbytes)
University-Industry Collaboration, David Joyner, Bangor University (1 Mbytes)

We also took part in the OPEN Conference on Environmental Technology and Innovation, organised by the Nordic Council of Ministers’ Working Group for integrated product policy (NMRIPP)

2008.07.08 Knowledge for Growth

One of the main R&D and Innovation-related events of the 2008 French Presidency, Knowledge for Growth, included a session, organised by EIRMA, on firms’ new innovation practices and global networks.

Speakers in this session included Leopold Demiddeleer, Solvay; Ellen de Brabander, Merial; Abhi Abhiraman, Hindustan Lever; and Erick Lansard, Thales. Yves Dos, Insead, acted as rapporteur, and Andrew Dearing chaired the event.

Session on Firms' New Innovation Practices

Session Summary, Andrew Dearing (70 Kbytes)
Innovation Driven, Ellen de Brabander, Merial (94 Kbytes)
Thales, Erick Lansard, Thales (3 Mbytes)

Conference Overview

Research and Entrepreneurship - A New Innovation Strategy for Europe, Dominque Guillec and Frederique Sachwald (373 Kbytes)

2008.05.16 Future of the European Research Area

This slide set was presented at the annual meeting of the Coimbra group of universities in Jena. It places the results of the 2007/08 Expert Study Report on the future rationale for the European Research Area in the context of what is happening in industry.

Rationale for ERA, Andrew Dearing, Jena, 16th May 2008 (818 Kbytes)

The Expert Group report on this subject included the EIRMA Secretary-General as member

ERA Rationales (677 Kbytes)

2007.10.08 Challenges for Science and Technology in Europe

This paper was presented at the main conference on European Research organised in Lisbon on 10th October 2007 as part of the 2007 Portuguese Presidency of the European Union. Its main themes explore
- Innovation Processes
- Appropriate Scale
- Location of Choice
- Interdependency
- Competition and Collaboration
- Training and Skills

Challenges for Science and Technology for Europe, Andrew Dearing, Lisbon, October 2007 (56 Kbytes)

2006.07.11 Europe, Universities and the Knowledge Society

This paper was presented at the Gulbenkian Foundation Conference on Higher Education, Lisbon, 11th July 2006, discusses reforms taking place in tertiary education from the perspective of what is happening in industry. It looks at industrial expectations of universities, ecosystems for innovation, dealing with the main bottlenecks, the risks and benefits of differentiation, and the role of European Universities and new institutes like the proposed European Institute of Technology in the context of the Lisbon process.

Europe, Universities and the Knowledge Society, Andrew Dearing, Lisbon, 11th July 2006 (1 Mbytes)

2002.12.02 Successful Public/Private Partnerships for Innovation

This paper, presented by EIRMA at an OECD meeting organised by the Mexican government, describes the business community's expectations for effective partnerships, and considers the framework conditions necessary to support effectiveness.

Download paper

2009.12.18 A new approach for research and innovation in Europe

In preparation for the new Commission, several expert groups have independently examined European R&D and innovation policies, yet come to very similar conclusions. EIRMA has played a significant role in developing the recommendations, particularly within the group looking at the role of European R&D policy in the Knowledge Based economy. The conclusions are summarised in a joint statement to members of the European Parliament, which opens as follows:

The world has changed. Markets are global. Science is an increasingly competitive endeavour. Innovation is becoming the most important engine of growth and jobs in an emerging knowledge-based economy.

But in the European Union, many policies governing research development and innovation need radical improvement, and better long-term planning. As a new Commission and Treaty come into play, now is the opportunity for change.

We are a diverse set of expert groups, some officially appointed and some self-selected, but all working independently of one another for many months on reviews of existing RDI policy.

We now find, on the basis of our experience, that common sense speaks out for the urgent adoption of five clear but vital concepts for reform. We note some promising signs of change – such as the recent Lund Declaration, promulgated under the Swedish Presidency, and President Barroso’s announcement of plans for a chief scientific advisor and the appointment of a climate-change commissioner.

Now, as the Parliament prepares for hearings on the new Commission, we call on EU leaders to heed calls for more-rapid change – so that EU science and technology can play its full part in solving the world’s greatest challenges, and we can at last fulfill the unmet expectations of the Lisbon Agenda to create the most competitive, innovative society in the world.

At the same, we note that for too long, the European Union has made decisions with little or no fundamental appraisal of long-term trends. There is a need to establish an inter-institutional system identifying long-term trends facing the EU, which would provide common analyses of probable outcomes on major issues to be available for policymakers, linking the Council of Ministers, the European Commission and the European Parliament.

To this end, we identify five recommendations:

  1. Focus on our greatest societal challenges
  2. Encourage new networks, institutions and policies for open innovation
  3. Spend more on research, education and innovation, in part through bolder co-investment schemes
  4. Coordinate and plan RDI programmes better – within Brussels and among the member-states
  5. Open competition should be standard in EU programmes

Full Reports

The role of Community Research in the Knowledge-based Economy

Strengthening the Role of European Technology Platforms in Addressing Europe's Grand Challenges

Preparing Europe for a New Renaissance: A Strategic View of the European Research Area.

2007.05.02 The Future of Innovation

Innovation is changing in response to globalisation, the increasing complexity of products and services, and growing awareness that new ideas can come from anywhere. Europe’s most senior innovation managers meet regularly under the auspices of the European Industrial Research Management Association to discuss the changes taking place and how firms can respond. Download The Future of Innovation and read what they think.

The understanding and experiences that come from these discussions help guide business input into public policy formulation. We achieve this through our own work and also by collaborating closely with other business organisations with more general remits. For example, in preparation for the 2009 Swedish presidency, the Swedish Confederation of Enterprises worked with EIRMA and its members to identify priorities. You can read the results in these reports: From CAP to Competitiveness, Industry views on Research, Innovation & Education: Framework for reform

2004.12.12 Building the European Research Area

The European Research Area (ERA) aims to provide the conditions for R&D to be a truly effective part of the European knowledge economy. EIRMA has helped shape the debate on ERA in several ways including through active participation in leading Expert Group studies. In December 2008, the EU's Competitiveness Council adopted a 2020 Vision for ERA, reflecting many of the features that EIRMA has encouraged, including the need for Europe to be more attractive to the people and businesses that engage in research and innovation, and the accompanying need to be relevant to the interests and priorities of civil society.

Leading up to this vision, the 2008 ERA Rationales Report highlights the need for greater public understanding of how ERA will support Europe's future, calls for Grand Challenges linked to evident economic, environmental and social priorities as a way to achieve the impact that ERA deserves, and emphasises the importance of flexible R&D-friendly ecosystems. The FP6 Ex-Post Evaluation makes similar calls and points towards a Framework Programme that will be widely recognised for its Great Ideas and Global Excellence and appreciated for its Game Changing contributions to European and Global priorities. You may also be interested in the major study carried out in 2009, involving EIRMA, on the Future of European R&D policy in the knowledge-based economy

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